About PtmPPIR - PPIR

Go to content

Main menu:


Many cellular processes are regulated by post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins. The mechanisms for such regulations are influenced by the precise location of PTMs within functional domains of proteins. One very important functional domain of proteins is the protein-protein interacting region (PPIR), which forms the binding/interacting interface between a protein and its protein partner/substrate. PTMs that occur in the PPIR can either interfere with or facilitate the interaction between proteins. The ability to predict whether sites of protein modifications are inside or outside of PPIRs would be useful in further elucidating the regulatory mechanisms by which modifications of specific proteins regulate cellular functions.

Using two of the comprehensive databases currently available for protein-protein interaction and protein modification site data (PDB and PhosphoSitePlus, respectively), we created new databases that map PTMs to their locations inside or outside of PPIRs. The mapped PTMs represented only 5% of all known PTMs. In order to predict localization within or outside of PPIRs for the vast majority of PTMs, a machine learning strategy was used to generate predictive models from these databases. First, the three mapped PTM databases (for acetylation, phosphorylation, and ubiquitylation) which had sufficient numbers of modification sites for generating models were encoded numerically using a specific subset of the AAindex relevant to protein structure. The support vector machine (SVM) was employed to perform classification tasks and model refinement via sequential feature selection procedures and rank based optimization, which
preserved information that would be lost with many other methods of optimization. The resulting models yielded high overall predictive performance as judged by a combined performance score (CPS). Among the multiple properties of amino acids that were used in the classification tasks, hydrophobicity was found to contribute substantially to the performance of the final predictive models. Compared to the other classifiers we also evaluated, the SVM provided the best performance overall.

These models are the first to predict whether PTMs are located inside or outside of PPIRs.
These predictive models are available as R package (download linkand may be useful in providing additional insight related to the functional relationship between specific PTMs and protein-protein interactions. 

Free Visits Counter
Back to content | Back to main menu